early crusader spangenhelm
conical skull w/ face plate. Popularized by the normans on their way through Italy
a later development, the helm starts to become more drum like, eventually becomes the great helm you know and love
As the helms became more boxlike, the crusaders started wearing smaller helms underneath. sort of like metal skullcaps in their earliest forms.
This fellow here shows a later change in great helm, it begins to taper towards the top and becoming slightly more round at the top.
Another closer look
an earlier, historical example
While the great helm was beginning to reach its height, another lighter helm begins showing up and reaches popularity, The bascinet. This is earlier version isn't very peaked or high, allowing one to wear great helm over.
before we fully get into bascinets, armorers begin mixing great helm and bascinet styles to lead to sturdy, rounded helms with early visors known as sugarloaf helms.
Houndscull (top) and klappvisors (bottom) bascinets start to appear towards the mid to late 14th century, these helms combine the ergonomic shape of the bascinet helm with the light visors of central European style. Klappvisors are German but many were used in Italy.
These 2 ugly looking SOBs are Grand Bascients, utilizing a plate throat protection that's part of the helm; these helms were used mostly in the early 15th and on many tournament grounds.
Frog Mouth helms
technically a great helm made mostly for jousting
the fact that the elites in Assassins Creed Brotherhood wear these helms on foot FOR FOOT COMBAT pisses me off to no end
Honorable mention to Kettle helms; they'll be covered in the German/French/English armor comp
This is an interesting end in the Italian armor tree
its mid 15th century and these helms; known as barbuta stem from the sallet family, they're known for there t shaped visors and throwback to helms of classical antiquity
mostly German since they "evolved" from kettle helms
honorable mention but not really Italianate, don't get me wrong they saw use but I want to save the best for the C. Europe comp. Bottom pic is German
With that we move on to armets and close helms
very Italian and appeared towards the mid to late 15th.
hard to breath in but were advanced in technicality.
Here's a diagram of how one opens
Here are some close helms, a little later than armets but more or less the same idea. they used less hinges than armets to open. as everything was 1 hinge as opposed to the 2 cheek plates armets have
YET ANOTHER DIAGRAM
armet on the right
close helm on the left
Finally we come to burgonets
these ones are fancy.
They have caps, top fins, cheek protection, the works. Used by fancy pants officers and foot soldiers alike.
Just some other miscellainous helms
and some veeeeeeeeeery nice Milanese armor
What armor do you want to see next?
Arms and hand defenses
I don want to see any armor, you armored soyboy