Summary of the First Indochina War
The First Indochina War (also known as the French Indochina War), was a major conflict in the Asian region known as Indochina, which is made up of the modern nations of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. The war was fought by France, the long-time colonial ruler in the Indochina, and Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Laotian Communist rebel forces. The First Indochina War ended in French defeat following the surrender of a French army to the Viet Minh rebels in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954.
France began its conquest of Indochina in 1859, and by 1885, controlled most of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. Vietnamese resistance to French rule continued on and off in the decades between the French conquest and the start of World War Two. In 1940, Japan invaded Indochina and defeated the French. A Vietnamese resistance movement fought the Japanese occupation, and after Japan's defeat in 1945, the Vietnamese resistance hoped to gain independence from the returning French.
Duration of the First Indochina War
Began December 19, 1946
Ended August 1, 1954
The War was fought between the
French forces vs Viet Minh, Pathet Lao, and Khmer Issarak Communist Rebels
The United States and Great Britain supported the French with equipment and military advisors. France was still in disorder from the Second World War so they needed all the help they could get. The US supported the French against the communist that for a while they paid for 80% of the wars expenses even though the French was loosing.
Soviet Union and China supported the rebels with equipment and training. After the communist victory in China 1949 the Vietnamese rebels were allowed to use the south side of China to fight the French giving the rebels a huge advantage.
Casualties of the war
French forces: 75,581 dead, 64,127 wounded, 40,000 captured.
Communist Viet Minh, Pathet Lao, and Khmer Issarak forces: 300,000+ dead, 500,000+ wounded, 100,000+ captured
Civilians: Over 150,000 civilians killed
The First Indochina War resulted in
Vietnamese Communist victory. Vietnam was divided between the Communist North and the non-Communist South. Independence of Laos and Cambodia. In three years time the Second Indochina war would begin more commonly known as, The Vietnam War.
Why I made this
I have been apart of FJ for a very very long time (had a few different accounts, spent most of the time as an anon) I want to start a channel about historic militaristic events that are less known (or interesting). Because this is my first instalment I kept it very short and simplified. I want to make more detailed and extensive posts but I want to see how this goes first. If anyone else wants to join in making posts let me know so we can talk about what to make.
What should I make next
Russian Civil War
First Boer War
The Korean War
The Moro Rebellion