Heya FJ, random Swiss guy here.
This'll be a long post but I think if you're passionate about this topic you'll be able to bear with me here.
I've seen Switzerland pop up as an example of both pro and anti gun arguments on FJ and the internet in general. It's getting really silly with just how false the information presented sometimes is.
I'd like to clear things up for you, if you got questions then just ask in the comments.
I like guns but do not currently own any, I've been researching the Swiss weapon laws myself as I'm planning to start sports shooting with a K-31 I'm planning on getting.
I'm 20 and I'm not allowed to do mandatory military service due to my ****** knee, more about that in the military part.
General Weapon Laws
Compared to other European countries it's indeed really easy to get a weapon here. Depending on the type of weapon it can range from a simple background check to a necessary hunting license or a certificate that needs courses and all that lovely stuff.
As an example, to get my K-31, an old WW2-era bolt-action rifle for the uninitiated, I only need to present a clean background check to just order one online.
Further on to ammo, certain niche ammo like the 7.5x55 for my K-31 I could order online no problem. However, the cost of buying ammo privately is way more than buying ammo at a shooting range.
Usually people just buy ammo at a range if they want to shoot, we don't really keep guns here for home invasions, if anything it's for sport and hunting. Ammo you buy at a range is not allowed to leave the range and it's a pain to buy it with multiple forms you need to fill.
It's also very hard to get a concealed or open carry permit here and people WILL look at you weird if you walk around town with a visible gun or rifle, even in more rural areas.
Full-Auto is nigh-impossible to get unless you're maybe in certain forces of the police or actively working in the military, not just doing your service.
The K-31, beautiful, innit?
First of all, the service is only mandatory for men that have a Swiss passport, there's plenty of immigrants that live here all their lives that do not have a Swiss passport.
Also, not every man serves in the military, like I mentioned already if you're physically or mentally incapable, you'll have to pay a good amount of money every year (till you're around 40, not sure anymore) to compensate. Even if you are capable of being in the military, you never have to.
People are allowed, if they so choose, to do their duty in civilian roles like helping firemen out, doing maintenance around the city, helping in hospitals etc.
If you want the military experience but hate guns? You can do that too, there's oddly enough a pacifist option in the military where you don't get a service rifle.
So, high-balling it that might be a third of the men that do an actual military service here, but even then not all of those men will keep their rifle after their service. It's entirely optional to keep it nowadays so all those statistics spouting that "50% of the Swiss populace owns guns" are completely nonsense.
Your sevice rifle (a SIG 550 if you're curious) also gets modified to only be semi-auto and you do not get any ammo, if you decide to keep it at all.
Standard issue SIG 550, the current Swiss army rifle of choice
Very few Swiss people obsess over guns, often not even the ones that own guns. Our low crime-rate is due to our high social security and high standard of living.
People stating that Switzerland is 99% white are also pulling **** out of their asses, as of 2011 37% of the Swiss populace has a non-Swiss background.
We also managed to integrate a generation of immigrants from the Balkan during the wars there, it's why our soccer players often have Slavic names.
I hope this cleared stuff up for both sides of the argument.
Congrats if you managed to read through this.