Hey guys. I a big history fan and I thought it will be interesting for me and some people that are also interested in history to refresh their historical knowledge or even gain some new information. I am not a professional historian, all the information that will be used in my posts is going to be very brief and will be taken from random sources from the Internet. I will filter only important stuff, while at the same time will try to go through all the important historical events.
I will post 1-2 new lessons everyday. The lessons will go chronologically and will be separated into 5 categories:
1.0-1.x will be dedicated to Ancient History (3600 BC – 500 AD).
2.0-2.x will be dedicated to Postclassical Era (500 – 1500).
3.0-3.x will be dedicated to Early modern period (1500 – 1750).
4.0-4.x will be dedicated to Mid modern period (1750 – 1914).
5.0-5.x will be dedicated to Contemporary period (1914 – present).
The introduction lesson 0.1 will be dedicated to Prehistory.
The first 98 percent of humanity's history is virtually unrecorded. Known as prehistory, or the Stone Age, most of what we know is not from written accounts, but from the tools our ancestors used to survive. Our ancestors recorded very little of their existence during prehistory. Writing simply didn't exist as we know it today.
We call this period the Stone Age because many of the tools from that time were made from stone - but they were also made from flint, bone, and antler. These tools are one of the few things - besides some fossils - that have survived the 700,000 years since humankind fashioned its first axe and flint.
The Stone Age is divided into three periods: the Paleolithic period, the Mesolithic period, and the Neolithic period. Each of these periods is based on the sophistication of the tools our ancestors made. During the Paleolithic period, they made very simple tools. By the end of the Neolithic period, tools and their usage had become more complex and specialized.
The Paleolithic period is also known as the Old Stone Age. No one's really sure just how long this period lasted, but archaeologists have theorized people used simple tools as early as 700,000 years ago. During this period, people survived as hunter-gatherers, hunting wild game and supplementing their diets with gathered wild berries, nuts, and fruits. Animals eaten for food were also used for tools, for clothing, and for shelter. No part of the animal went unused.
The Mesolithic period (the Middle Stone Age) began when the last ice sheet over Great Britain melted. It was then that large areas of vegetation and woodland began to grow, but the people of this period still depended on animals for food and were still nomadic. They often camped temporarily near water sources, and their tents were made of animal skin or of thatched leaves. Like the people of the Paleolithic period, many of the Mesolithic period were hunter-gatherers. They hunted wild game and collected wild nuts, fruits, and berries.
It was during the Neolithic period - also known as the New Stone Age - that humans learned to farm. Humans began to develop this skill roughly 10,000 years ago, and it made a huge difference in lifestyle. Now humans were no longer so dependent on animals for food, and could settle in one place for a while. This is precisely what they did, often settling near rivers, which provided water and fertile soil. Humans also learned to tame animals - probably because they were quick to learn that animals could be used to do much of the work on a farm.
Towards the end of the Neolithic era (around 3000 BC), copper metallurgy is introduced, which marks a transition period to the Bronze Age, sometimes referred to as Chalcolithic or Eneolithic era.
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The list of lessons and all the other info is in my profile! If I have missed anything worth mentioning or you found a mistake please comment or write me PM.
HistoryLessons (13 subs)
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