The Roman Empire. Founder of the western civilization,
united the whole Mediterranean under the same flag.
Wiped out by hairy savages in 476 AD.
The Mongol Empire. The widest empire Earth had
ever seen, shattered in pieces shortly after the
death of its founder, in 1227.
The Byzantine Empire, heir of both greek and latin
cultures, ruled the birthplace of civilization.
Definitely conquered by Turks in 1453.
San Marino. A shithole of republic, sitting on a rock
and watching the sea all day. Founded 301 AD.
Still alive today.