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No not that silly meme. A river dwelling Japanese creature that looks like a small green human with a turtle shell on its back, a duck like beak, and a bowl-shaped head. These little things were said to terrorize people living near rivers, from random mischief, to things like drowning people, raping, or eating them. They were even worse before their king, the great Kuzenbo, was finally defeated in battle. Today you can still find signs warning against Kappa along rivers.
If you were attacked in the water you were pretty much screwed. If you were attacked on land however, you just needed to bow to them. A kappa need to constantly keep the bowl on their head filled with water. Kappa are also actually very polite, so if you bow to them, they return the gesture, causing them to empty the bowl on their head. They would then be unable to move until someone fills the bowl for them with water from the river they live in. If a person did this, the kappa would serve the person for all eternity.
You could also try to gain their favor though offerings like cucumbers (they love cucumbers), or giving it a challenge it cannot beat, or you yourself beating it in a challenge.
The Mayan gods seem to have a general interest in blood, but the bat god Camazotz was even more so, being mainly inspired by vampire bats. He was a gigantic man-like vampire bat who ruled over a portion of the underworld. His home was a large cave network called The House of Bats, which had blood dripping down it’s walls, and were also inhabited by man-sized vampire bats. Here Camazotz would sleep as a stone statue during the day, and at night, he would fly into the world of the living to quench his thirst.
He is best known from the tale of the hero twins Hunahpu and Xbalanque, who at one point had to survive a night in The House of Bats. They did this by squeezing themselves into their blowguns, but Hunahpu got impatient in the end, and peeked out to see if the sun had risen. Camazotz himself immediately snatched his head clean from his body, which he then presented to the other underworld gods with the idea of using it as a ball in their next ball game.
There was also this one time when humans got tired of blood sacrifices, so they stopped, and the heavenly gods, who wanted blood as “payment” for protecting the humans against the underworld gods, answered by opening up a hole to the underworld. Camazotz immediately stormed out of it, leading an army of demons, and slaughtered all of mankind! Once finished, Camazotz and his army went back to the underworld, the heavenly gods closed the hole, and then they created mankind 2.0.
A snake woman from Japan that lived in, and along, beaches and rivers, described as having the body of a snake (said to be sometimes as long as 300m), but the head of a woman with long black hair, snake eyes, and a forked tongue. Sometimes she also had human arms, but with sharp claws. She was also always soaking wet, hence her name, which means “wet woman”.
In stories, she varies from being a monster that can crush trees and eats people, to one that test you and drinks your blood if you fail, to simply just wanting to be left alone and acting violently towards anyone that bothers her.
For the testing kind, she appears as a regular woman holding a childlike bundle, which she asks people to hold for her while she rests. If you help her out and hold it until she is done, she lets you go. If you try to discard the bundle however, it is revealed to not be a child after all, and it becomes so heavy it prevents you from escaping, making you easy prey for the Nure-onna as she drinks your blood using her tongue.
A popular creature in modern fantasy, shown as a creature made of stone or that can turn into stone, with an appearance the resembles a demon, dragon or bat-like monster. Sadly, it is not much outside of modern fantasy. That is because a gargoyle is not really a mythological creature, but a piece of architecture, serving the practical function of leading water off of the building, and the spiritual function of scaring away evil spirits and such, as well as just looking nice.
There is however, a legend of a French dragon called Gargouille, who terrorized the country around Rouen, until the saint Romanus killed it. Depending on the version, it was done either by subduing it with a crucifix, or with the help of a condemned man who volunteered to help. All versions end with St. Romanus bringing the dragon back to Rouen were it was burned, except for the head and neck, which was resistant to fire because of its fire breath. The head was then mounted on the church wall, more or less becoming a gargoyle.
Today it is rather common knowledge that in Greek mythology, after the Titans were overthrown by the Olympians, they were imprisoned in the dark abyss that is Tartarus. What many might not know is that before the Titans, others were imprisoned there. The cyclopes and the hecatoncheires (or hundred-handed ones), who were imprisoned by Uranus, the sky himself and the Titans’ father. When the Titans overthrew their father, instead of freeing his old prisoners, they hired a jailor to look after them.
This jailor was a female monster named Campe, a powerfull draconic beast. She was half human and half dragon in the same way a centaur is half horse. Her torso was that of a human female, but below her waist, her body was that of a four-legged dragon with large wings and a scorpion tail. She also had snake-hair like the more famous Medusa, as well as a dozen vipers coiling around each of her ankles. The most bizarre thing about her however, is the area where the human-half and the dragon-half met, which was constantly bubbling and morphing into different animal heads. Campe was also said to carry weapons, usually a flaming whip, or 2 scimitars.
Her reign of terror over Tartarus would eventually end when Zeus killed her in order to free cyclopes and hecatoncheires, so that they may help him in the war against the Titans.
Hope you enjoyed. Got any requests or ideas for future comps? Feel free to share them. Don't forget to check out my other comps if you haven't, to learn more about different creatures from folklore and mythology.