i .' Ad . Latin for "to the man". The attempt to discredit
an opponent by attacking the person instead of the argument.
g What would you know about labor laws? You don' t even have a job.
Faulty Cause: Substituting association for causation. .
Many women claim to be pacifists, but before women got the vote,
there were ho nuclear weapons.
False dilemma: Presenting only two possible alternatives to a
complex situation, when in fact there are many more.
You don' t support our troops, and that makes you a traitor.
Guilt by association: The attempt to discredit an opponent
by associating their argument with an undesirable idea or person.
How can you defend Christianity? Torquemada was a Christian.
Loaded Questiom utr, question which limits the range of
1;, discourse by containing a controversial or unjustified assumption.
your opinion, what makes the Phone the best smartphone?