Paradox is a bitch
l. Free will
If God is omnipotent and knows what we will do
before he created us, how can we have free will?
ANSWER: This paradox is explained by God being
outside of timerce knows the future just like he
knows the past and the present. Just as the past
does not interfere with our free win, neither does
2. Crocodile Dilemma
A crocodile steals a son from his father, and promises to
return the child if the father can correctly guess what the
crocodile will do. What happens if the father guesses
that the child will not Be returned to him?
ANSWER: There is no solution. If the crocodile keeps the
child, he violates his rule, as the father predicted
correctly. If the crocodile returns the child, he still
violates his rule as the father' s prediction was wrong.
3. Grandfather paradox
A man goes back in time, and kills his grandfather
before the grandmother can meet his grandmother.
This means that one of the man' s parents will not
have been born, and the man in turn, will not have
been born. This would mean that he could not have
traveled back in time after an, which means the
grandfather would still be alive, and the traveler
would have been conceived allowing him to travel
back in time and kill his grandfather.
ANSWER: The moment the time traveler changes
something in the past, a parallel universe splits. This
is supported by quantum mechanics.
a. Paradox of the heap
There are 1, 000, grains o sand in a heap. If we
remove one grain, it is still a heap. If we remove
another grain, if it still a heap. If we continue
removing one grain at a time, when we' re left with
one grain, is that still a heap?
ANSWER: Set a fixed boundary. If we said 10, 000
grains of sand made a heap, then anything below it
would not be a heap. Yet, it seems unreasonable to
distinguish between 9, 999 and 10, 001 grains of
sand. The solution can therefore be altered to say
there is a fixed boundary, but they are not
5. omnipotence paradox
Can God create something so heavy He cannot lift
it? If he can create something so heavy he can' t lift,
then his lack of strength means he is not
omnipotent. If he can' t create something so heavy
he can' t lift, than he is not omnipotent.
ANSWER: The most common response is that as
God is omnipotent, "can not lift” does not make
sense. Other answers include the question being a
contradiction, like a "square circle".
6. Maimonides paradox
Maimonides, in a poem wrote: "The Cretans, always
liars, evil beasts, idle bellies!” However, Maimonides
himself was a Cretan. If Maimonides is a Cretan and
a liar, then his statement, "The Cretans, always
liars" is a lie. This means all Cretans are truthful,
then Maimonides’ statement is the truth. The
paradox will infinitely regress.
ANSWER: If Maimonides knew of at least one Cretan
other than himself) who is not a liar, his statement
is a lie (because he asserts all) even though it
correctly describes the speaker as a liar.
7. Unstoppable force paradox
What happens when an unstoppable force meets an
unmovable object? If the force moves the object,
then it is not unmovable. If the force doesn' t, the
force is not unstoppable.
ANSWER: This situation can never happen, as if
there is an unstoppable force, there couldn' t be an
unmovable object and vice versa. More interestingly,
there can never be an unmovable object. An
unmovable object would have to have infinite
inertia, and therefore infinite mass. Infinite mass
cannot exist in our finite universe, therefore an
unmovable object cannot exist.