The Falklands War,
The British vs Argentina,
2 April – 14 June 1982
Conflict lasted 74 days
Falkand Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Including the air and sea space surrounding the islands.
Status quo ante bellum in South Georgia and the Falklands meaning that the British returned as the owners of the Islands, sea and airspace.
Argentine occupation of Southern Thule ended. Meaning that the Islands (Bellingshausen, Cook, and Thule) are now under British ownership.
Relationships between the UK and Argentina were severed until 1989
Argentine military government replaced with democratic government in October 1983
Casualties and losses of war
255 Killed, 775 Wounded, 115 PoWs
2 Destroyers, 2 Frigates, 1 LSL ship (Landing Ship Logistics), 1 LCU craft (Landing Craft Utility), 1 Container ship
24 Helicopters, 10 Fighters, 1 Bomber
649 Killed, 1,657 Wounded, 11,313 PoWs
1 Cruiser, 1 Submarine, 4 Cargo vessels, 2 Patrol boats, 1 Spy trawler
25 Helicopters, 35 Fighters, 2 Bombers, 4 Cargo aircraft, 25 COIN aircraft, 9 Armed trainers
3 Civilians Killed by British shelling
Summary of the conflict
The Falklands War also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War").
This conflict that lasted 10 weeks started from a dispute between the UK and the militaristic Argentine government about the ownership of the Falkland Islands and the Southern Thule.
Argentina claims where based on how the country inherited the islands from the Spanish crown in the early 1800s and on the proximity to the South American mainland.
British claims are based on that they have long-term administration of the Falklands on the principle of self-determination for the islanders who are almost all British descent. (after the world wars the British kingdom mostly consist of the ownership if islands through the world.) In a referendum on the islands in 2013 just three residents out of 1,517 were against remaining British.
The battle began on Friday, 2 April 1982 when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands and the following day South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. They attempted to establish sovereignty over the Islands.
On the 5th of April the British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault to retake the islands.
The conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982.
Lead-up to the conflict
In the period leading up to the war there was a transfer in power between the military dictators General Jorge Rafael Videla and General Roberto Eduardo Viola in March 1981.
Argentina had been in the midst of economic stagnation and a large-scale civil unrest against the military Junta that has been governing the country since 1976.
In December 1981 there was a further change in the Argentine military regime, bringing to office a new junta headed by General Leopoldo Galtieri (acting president)
Admiral Jorge Anaya was the main architect and supporter of the military solution for the claims over the islands, believing that the United Kingdom would never respond militarily.
By opting for military action, the Galtieri government hoped to mobilise the long-standing patriotic feelings of Argentines towards the islands, and thus divert public attention from the country's chronic economic problems and the regime's ongoing human rights violations of the Dirty War.
The ongoing tension between the two countries over the islands increased on 19 March when a group of Argentine scrap metal merchants (actually infiltrated by Argentine marines) raised the Argentine flag at South Georgia Island, an act that would later be seen as the first offensive action in the war.
The Royal Navy ice patrol vessel HMS Endurance was dispatched from Stanley to South Georgia in response, subsequently leading to the invasion of South Georgia by Argentine forces on 3 April.
The Dirty War
It was one of the darkest periods in Latin American history. From 1976-1983, a brutal military junta ruled Argentina in what was called “the Dirty War,” when some 10,000 persons were “disappeared” and human rights abuses were rampant.
Many of the disappeared were believed to have been abducted by agents of the Argentine government during these years; the disappeared were often tortured and killed before their bodies were disposed of in rural areas or unmarked graves. In response the movement called “Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo” arose, wearing signs with photos and names of their children who had vanished, standing in silent protest.
After the Falklands War
Because of the war the tension between the UK and Argentina haven’t been positive. The Argentinians still claim that the Islands are theirs and when the popular BBC show Top Gear UK went to Argentina for one of their “Specials” in October 2014 the Argentinian people became hostile to the film crew because one of the vehicles number plate was “H982 FKL” which resembled the Falklands War. Basically, showing how Salty Argentina is.
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