May day protests and marches around the world
Commemorations around the Bastille square turned violent after Molotov cocktails were thrown at police by black-masked activists, leaving at least one officer with serious burn wounds. Other protesters threw smoke bombs to disorientate police, who in turn fired tear gas to try and control the crowd. Elsewhere in the city, marches were peaceful.
Six riot police officers were injured, one with third-degree burns to his hand and face, in Paris when a group of about 150 people armed with molotov cocktails, stones and sticks hijacked the traditional May Day march organised by French unions.
Thousands had joined the celebration, with many using the occasion to protest against the far-right presidential candidate Marine le Pen and her party, the Front National. Police said 142,000 people attended May Day marches across France.
Shortly after the Paris march set off from the central Place de la République, a group with scarves covering their faces forced their way to the front and began throwing missiles at police, who responded with teargas. Some pulled masonry from the walls of buildings to throw at the police and several shopping bags and backpacks filled with stones and bottles were found.
Around 2.6 million people, families, citizens and politicians from several differing views, including the communist party, attended events throughout Russia, which kicked off in Vladivostok and then continued across all of the country’s eleven time zones.
Around 1.5 million people took part in the festivities in Moscow alone, where mayor Sergey Sobyanin led a march through Red Square that included veterans, students, and political activists. Some 56,000 police officers were deployed around the country but there were no reports of violence.
In Turin, northern Italy, a melee erupted between riot police and around twenty masked protesters, armed with umbrellas and flagpoles, after officers wouldn’t let a larger group through onto the Piazza San Carlo, where union leaders were delivering speeches. At least three protesters were arrested, and at least one person was reported injured. The march, which involved thousands of left-wing supporters, otherwise went off without incident.
Thousands of police were on-guard in Berlin’s traditionally left-wing Kreuzberg neighborhood to avoid a repeat of the violence of previous years, such as in 2009, when 273 officers were injured during clashes with rioters. While most of the day’s celebrations went off without incident, some black-clad protesters started throwing stones and firecrackers at police. Tear gas was discharged and several arrests were made. Meanwhile, in the eastern town of Apolda around 100 people were arrested after allegedly hurling rocks and firecrackers at police officers.
Nurses start a second hunger strike in Chiapas after the agreement achieved after the first one was ignored.
Nurses from the hospital Rafael Pascacio Gamboa in Tuxtla Gutierrez started a second hunger strike after the agreements of laborer reinstitution, discounts and benefits, and the pay of 5 past biweekly pays that were put on hold, as well as resupply of medicine were not met, these demands were accepted by the state government after a 10 day hunger strike on April 12, however after 18 days of nothing, they opted for another strike, as of right now there are 14 nurses taking part in this, but according to their schedule, tomorrow 2 men and 3 women will join them, and after that, a health worker will join in per day.
The nurses claim that that the authorities promised to deposit a sum of 220 million pesos (11,749,153 dollars) to the hospital for the demands, but they didn’t deliver, and they denounced that as for the reinstitution of workers, that there are no existing documents for them, and that the government gave the workers checks for the lost paydays that were not acknowledged by the bank, and that the hospital still has a severe lack of supplies and doesn’t even have cleaning or security services.
However the state’s health secretary Francisco Ortega Farrera claims that the hospital’s supplies are at a 100% and that they have met all the demands of the nurses, from benefits and payments, to the reinstitution of workers.
US state department issues travel alert for Europe due to Terrorism
"Cited from the State Department webpage"
"Recent, widely-reported incidents in France, Russia, Sweden, and the United Kingdom demonstrate that the Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham (ISIS or Da’esh), al-Qa’ida, and their affiliates have the ability to plan and execute terrorist attacks in Europe. While local governments continue counterterrorism operations, the Department nevertheless remains concerned about the potential for future terrorist attacks. U.S. citizens should always be alert to the possibility that terrorist sympathizers or self-radicalized extremists may conduct attacks with little or no warning.
Extremists continue to focus on tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping malls, and local government facilities as viable targets. In addition, hotels, clubs, restaurants, places of worship, parks, high-profile events, educational institutions, airports, and other soft targets remain priority locations for possible attacks. U.S. citizens should exercise additional vigilance in these and similar locations, in particular during the upcoming summer travel season when large crowds may be common.
Terrorists persist in employing a variety of tactics, including firearms, explosives, using vehicles as ramming devices, and sharp-edged weapons that are difficult to detect prior to an attack.
If you are traveling between countries in Europe, please check the website of the U.S. embassy or consulate in your destination city for any recent security messages. Review security information from local officials, who are responsible for the safety and security of all visitors to their host country. U.S. citizens should also:
-Follow the instructions of local authorities. Monitor media and local information sources and factor updated information into personal travel plans and activities.
-Be prepared for additional security screening and unexpected disruptions.
-Stay in touch with your family members and ensure they know how to reach you in the event of an emergency.
-Have an emergency plan of action ready.
-Register in our Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).
We continue to work closely with our European partners and allies on the threat from international terrorism. Information is routinely shared between the United States and our key partners to disrupt terrorist plotting, identify and take action against potential operatives, and strengthen our defenses against potential threats."
Mexico sized molten carbon lake discovered under the US
Special thanks to vortexrain
A recent scientific discovery has drastically changed our view of the global carbon cycle and identified a new significant risk. Researchers have discovered a giant lake or reservoir made up of molten carbon sitting below the western US.
The molten carbon (primarily in the form of carbonate) reservoir could drastically and immediately change the global climate for over a decade if it were to be released. Thankfully there is little risk in the near future of this happening. The carbon sits 217 miles beneath the surface of the Earth in the upper mantle and has no immediate pathway to the surface. In total the lake covers approximately 700,000 square miles, approximately the size of Mexico. This has redefined how much carbon scientists believe sits locked away in the Earth's mantle and its interaction with surface and atmospheric carbon.
Geologists at Royal Holloway University of London were able to use the largest array of seismic sensors in the world to detect what exists below the surface of the western US. In total 538 sensors were used to create a three-dimensional view of the regions subsurface. They do this by measuring the time it takes for sound waves to travel into the Earth and bounce back. Depending on the structure of rock in the subsurface, different waves will bounce back at different times and at different angles. Complex algorithms integrate the data to reveal a picture of what exists below the surface of the Earth. Scientists are limited to viewing the molten lake through seismic imagery as it is far too deep to reach via a drill bit.
This lake is a result of the Pacific Plate subducting underneath the North American Plate. As the Pacific Plate subducts, it experiences increasingly high pressures and temperatures. This, combined with the presence of gasses such as CO2 and water locked away in the rock, allows for partial melting of the plate. This is a similar process by which the Rockies Mountains formed in the western US.
The molten carbonate sits beneath Yellowstone National Park, which in and of itself is a super volcano with the power of a massive eruption. The last major eruption was 640,000 years ago at Yellowstone, however if the super volcano did erupt it could cause the US to go into a volcanic winter. The eruption, when it does occur, would be on the order of 1,000 times more powerful than the 1980's Mount St. Helens eruption.
In part due to this research, scientists now believe the Earth's upper mantle may hold up to 100 trillion metric tons of carbon. To put this into perspective, the US EPA estimated that in total 10 billion metric tons of carbon was emitted in 2011, or approximately 0.01% of the carbon sitting in Earth's mantle. Thankfully the release of the mantle's carbon happens very slowly over time primarily through volcanic eruptions. However, paleoclimatic fluctuations in CO2, creating ice ages and greenhouse global conditions are partially linked to dynamic changes in volcanism.
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